Chances are you are looking for improving your English language comprehension through reading books.
Feel like upping your game and start catching the slightest subtleties of English?
Look no further.
However, there is a catch.
Who is this article intended for?
For English language learners, as they, all too often, tend to skip a lot of subtleties while reading books / reading stories / reading comics / watching movies /watching game movies, thus slowing down and negating their language progress. I
The catch has to do with the “THE HARD WAY” of learning English, right?
I can’t promise improving your English through this article will be easy, but I promise it will be worth it, provided you work through ALL THE SENTENCES down below. And by the way, to make it even more challenging for you, no answers are given and you are to find them on your own. There’s a reason this article is called “Learn English the Hard Way”, don’t you think?
Still no clue what I’m supposed to do…
If you’re still not really sure what’s going on here, I highly recommend you read the description of “Learn English the Hard Way” challenge.
Для чего эта статья и что нужно здесь делать?
По своему опыту могу сказать, что когда в освоении английского приходишь на всё готовенькое, то интеллектуально расслабляешься и не особо вникаешь в детали и тонкости языка.
А вот когда, мы “пропускаем язык через себя”…
- внимательное чтение книг, просмотр фильмов, т.д… не знаем, что то или то означает, почему так написано, вообще не догоняем, что происходит, значит отмечаем находку
- анализ “любопытных” предложений, конструкций, выражений (грамматика и прагматика наши лучшие друзья)
- прогонка проработанного материала через правое полушарие
- задействование “освоенных” предложений, конструкций, выражений на письме, в устной речи (идеально, с носителями языка)
…то результаты будут совершенно иными, нежели чем “со всем готовеньким”.
А именно, выработка силы воли, языковой интуиции, внимательности, любопытства и реальное улучшение навыка английского языка.
Ниже представлены предложения, которые заинтриговали меня при прочтении книги / прочтении рассказа / прочтении комикса / просмотре фильма / просмотре игрофильма. То есть, я сделал первый пункт из четырех выше и поделился результатами с Вами. За Вами остаются остальные три.
If you feel like up to the challenge, then below is my list of the cherry-picked sentences with curious grammar and vocabulary findings from the book “Animal Farm”.
Old major (so he was always called…)
Major was already esconed on his bed of straw
his tushes had never been cut
before long the other animals began to arrive and make themselves comfortable after their own different fashions
The hens perched themselves on the window-sills
the pigeons fluttered up to the rafters
cows lay down behind the pigs and began to chew the cud
a tail to keep the flies off, but that he would sooner have had no tail and no flies
spent their Sundays together… grazing side by side and never speaking
ducklings… cheeping feebly and wandering from side to side
came mincing daintly in, chewing at a lump of sugar
there she purred contentedly throughout Major’s speech
and before I die I feel it my duty to pass on to you such wisdom as I have acquired
we are given just so much food as will keep the breath in our bodies
No, comrades, a thousand times no!
Why then do we continue in this miserable condition?
and even the miserable lives we lead are not allowed to reach its natural span
What then must we do? Why, work night and day, body and soul for the overthrow of the human race!
but I know, as surely as I see this straw beneath my feet, that sooner or later justice will be done.
Major raised his trotter for silence
There were only four dissentients, the three dogs and the cat, who was afterwards discovered to have voted on both sides
The work of teaching and organizing the others fell naturally upon the pigs
They held secret meetings in the barn and expounded the principles of Animalism to the others
Can you not understand that liberty is worth more than ribbons?
an even harder struggle to counteract the lies
was a spy and a talebearer, but he was also a clever talker.
They were unfailing in their attendance at the secret meetings
had taken to drinking more than was good for him
the fields were full of weeds, the buildings wanted roofing, the hedges were neglected and the animals were undeferred.
with one accord,… they flung themselves upon their tormentors
creatures whom they were used to thrashing and maltreating just as they chose, frightened them almost out of their wits
And so, almost before they knew what was happening, the Rebellion had been successfully carried through
the animals could hardly believe in their good fortune
all the animals capered with joy when they saw the whips going up in flames
In a very little while the animals had destroyed everything that reminded them of…
Then they sang “Beasts of England” from end to end seven times running
they settled down for the night and slept as they had never slept before
they gambolled round and round, they hurled themselves into the air in great leaps of excitement
then they filed back to the farm buildings
and the barrel of beer in the scullery was stove in with a kick…
sent for a ladder which they caused to be set against the end wall of the big barn
they would form an unalterable law by which all the animals on the Animal Farm must live for ever after.
Snowball climbed up and set to work
Snowball read it aloud for the benefit of the others
who had seemed uneasy for some time past, set up a loud lowing.
they had not been milked for twenty four hours, and their udders were almost bursting.
and milked cows fairly successfully, their trotters being well adapted to this task
So the animals trooped to the hayfield to begin the harvest
with a pig walking behind and calling out “Gee up, comrade!” or “Whoa back, comrade!” as the case might be.
they met with many difficulties
Nobody shirked – or almost nobody. Molly, it was true, was not good at getting up in the mornings
and the others had to be content with this cryptic answer.
whatever suggestion either of them made, the other could be counted on to oppose it.
and the afternoon was given up to recreation
Snowball also busied himself with organizing the other animals in what he called… He was indefatigable at this.
all the humbler animals set to work to learn the new maxim
Bluebell had both whelped soon after the hay harvest
the order went forth that all the windfalls were to be collected and brought
You do not imagine, I hope, that we pigs are doing this in a spirit of selfishness..
At heart, each of them was secretly wondering…
Its owner was a Mr Frederick
and with a name for driving hard bargains
They put it about that the animals on the Manor Farm…
It was given out that the animals there practised cannibalism
and had their females in common
… farm, where the human beings had been turned out and the animals managed their own affairs
And yet the song was irrepressible
the pigeons cooed it in the elms
all the pigeons to the number of thirty-five
to rush out of the yard and make a bolt for the main road
they were in ignominious retreat
The only good human being is a dead one.
beginning to prance about and paw the ground
Look me in the face.
These two disagreed at every point where disagreement was possible.
was better at canvassing support for himself in between times.
but of all their controversies, none was so bitter as the one that took place over the windmill
declared that this was just the place for a windmill
Every Man His Own Bricklayer
He was closeted there for hours at a time
and made the animals on the neighbouring farms more restive than ever
casting a peculiar sidelong look at Snowball
At this there was a terrible baying sound outside
and tried hard to marshall his thoughts
in taking this extra labor upon himself
but sometimes, you might make the wrong decisions, comrades, and then where should we be?
with his moonshine of windmills
Discipline, comrades, iron discipline! That is the watchword for today.
The plans, however, had all been prepared, down to the last detail.
but any animal who absented himself from it would have his rations reduced by half
Huge boulders, far too big to be used as they were,…
Muriel and Benjamin yoked themselves into an old governess-cart and did their share.
and then the building began, under the superintendence of the pigs
And in his spare moments, of which there were not many nowadays, he would go alone to the quarry
various unforeseen shortages began to make themselves felt.
Every human being held it as an article of faith that the farm would go bankrupt sooner or later
You didn’t suppose, surely, that there was ever a ruling against beds?
And very comfortable beds they are too!
You would not rob us of our repose, would you, comrades?
Yes, there it lay, the fruit of all their struggles,
A full bushel to anyone who captures him alive!
They were always cold, and usually hungry as well. Only Boxer and Clover never lost heart.
I can smell him distinctly.
and at the word “Snowball” all the dogs let out blood-curling growls..
has stated categorically that
“Ah, that is different!” said Boxer. “if Comrade Napoleon says it, it must be right.”
and sharply ordered Boxer to let the dog go, whereat Boxer lifted his hoof, and the dog slunk away
Presently the tumult died down.
She knew that even as things were they were far better off than…
that before all else it was needful to prevent the return of the human beings.
But somehow, neither the words nor the tune ever seemed to the animals to come up to “Beasts of England”
It was felt that the killings which had taken place did not square with this.
they worked longer hours and fed no better than they had done in Jones’s day.
the production of every class of foodstuff had increased by 200%, 300%, or 500%, as the case might be.
letting out a loud “cock-a-doodle-doo“
Meanwhile, through the agency of Whymper, Napoleon was engaged in complicated negotiations…
He considered it beneath his dignity, he said, to have dealings with scoundrels of that description
In the teeth of every difficulty, in spite of…. the work had been finished
Three days later there was a terrible hullabaloo.
… when the look-outs came racing in with the news…
and the next moment the cowardly enemy was running for dear life.
It was as though the windmill had never been.
“And we had worked on it for two years!”
“What matter? We will build another windmill.”
had created a new decoration, the Order of the Green Banner, which he had conferred upon himself
walking slowly and dejectedly
…, and with every appearance of being seriously ill.
who nodded his muzzle with a knowing air
No animal shall drink alcohol to excess
he had no difficulty in proving to the other animals that they were not in reality short of food, whatever the appearances might be.
in those days they had been slaves and now they were free, and that made all the difference
he forbade this to the other pigs, on the ground that it made them fat
But the pigs seemed comfortable enough, and in fact were putting on weight, if anything.
rich, appetising scent… wafted itself across the yard from the little brewhouse
But if there were hardships to be borne, they were partly offset by the fact that…
they were able to forget that their bellies were empty, at least part of the time
and talk by the hour to anyone who would listen
Squaler was so fat that he could with difficulty see out of his eyes.
when that one was finished, so it was said, the dynamos would be installed.
The animals would find the problem insoluble
and disappointment being, so he said, the unalterable law of life.
And yet the animals never gave up hope. More, they never lost, even for an instant, their sense of honour…
It was Clover’s voice. She neighed again,
It was a pig walking on his hind legs.
They tiptoed up to the house, and such animals as were tall enough peered in at the dining-room window.
Wow, it seems you’ve made it to the end of this new-vocabulary-grammar-intensive article… But did you actually work through all the findings? No shirking? Sweet! That’s what I call being persistent at mastering English!
Вы дочитали и проработали статью до конца? Так держать!
Если Вы дочитали до конца эту статью, то я уверен, что Вы узнали много нового про английский язык (при условии, что Вы действительно проработали предложения выше).
Проработать так много материала это совсем не шутки, а вполне серьёзный подход к делу.
Теперь же дело за малым: эффективно всё перенести в речевой актив и начать всласть применять новые знания на практике (пункт 3 и 4, соответсвенно).
Спасибо за то, что уделили время.
Удачи в Вашем языковом путешествии!
Did you know that you are more than encouraged to go ahead and tell me in the comments section below how the whole process went?
With that, thanks for taking your time accepting the challenge, reading and working through the article.
Until next time!